While the replanting of mangroves is an important part of mangrove restoration, it does not address the root of the issue. That the destruction of the mangroves will continue to occur when there are no other economic options.
In order to provide a sustainable alternative to mangrove logging and charcoal production, ZAVECO has established a crab farming initiative. This program focuses on the distribution of indigenous crab traps which are then used to capture male and female crabs to serve as the basis for a breeding pair. From there, the inhabitants of Zanzibar can sell crab meat to the populace, effectively making a living without destroying mangrove forests. Crab meat is a lucrative market, with some crab species fetching up to 10,000 Tanzanian Schillings per kilo. This represents considerably more money and less labor than charcoal production, with the further benefit of protecting the environment.